Tuen Mun District

Area: 8,200 hectares

Population: About 495,900

Highlights: The development of Tuen Mun New Town started in the 1960's. Besides village houses indigenous to the rural area, there are also a variety of other residential buildings in the district. While undergoing rapid modern development, Tuen Mun has not failed to preserve a number of scenic spots and monuments of historical and cultural significance. These are popular attractions visited by the public during holidays.

Being a new town in the northwestern part of the New Territories, Tuen Mun has the longest history among other places in Hong Kong.

As early as in the New Stone Age, a small population had settled in Tuen Mun. By the end of the Tang Dynasty, booming Sino-Western trade attracted a lot of foreign merchant ships to China and most of them berthed at Tuen Mun for replenishment. To protect the merchant fleets, the Administration of the Tang Dynasty stationed troops in Tuen Mun and set up a sentry post there. This was the origin of the name of Tuen Mun. LIU Yu-xi, Poet of the Tang Dynasty, portrayed the scene of the sea off Tuen Mun in his poem titled Song of riding the wave (踏浪歌). During the period of the Five Dynasties, the Southern Han set up the office of coastguard and a military camp in Tuen Mun. In the Song Dynasty, an inspection and patrol office was set up to deal with pirates. Midway through the Ming Dynasty, the Portuguese once seized control of the waterway leading to the Pearl River Delta and set up military camps in Tuen Mun but were later driven away by the Guangdong Navy.

During the Qing Dynasty, Tuen Mun had developed into a fishing-cum-farming village. Many of the settlers made their living as fishermen. Salt fields were found everywhere over the Tuen Mun Valley. In 1898, under the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory signed between Britain and Qing administration, Tuen Mun and its neighbourhood area Lung Kwu Tan and Tai Lam Chung were included in Yuen Long District and placed under the British colonial rule.

In 1969, Tuen Mun District Office was established under New Territories Administration. Since then, large-scale new town development was launched in Tuen Mun. Today, Tuen Mun has a built-up area of more than 2,200 hectares, almost the size of the Kowloon Peninsula. Tuen Mun's population has skyrocketed from 20,000 in 1960s to about 500,000 at present, representing one of the populous areas in Hong Kong.